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Press Release

MGIC Investment Corporation Reports Second Quarter 2020 Results

Aug 4, 2020
Second Quarter 2020 Net Income of $14.0 million or $0.04 per Diluted Share
 
Second Quarter 2020 Adjusted Net Operating Income (Non-GAAP) of $9.9 million or $0.03 per Diluted Share

MILWAUKEE, Aug. 4, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- MGIC Investment Corporation (NYSE: MTG) today reported operating and financial results for the second quarter of 2020. Net income for the quarter was $14.0 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, compared with net income of $167.8 million, or $0.46 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2019.

Adjusted net operating income for the second quarter of 2020 was $9.9 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, compared with $167.6 million, or $0.46 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2019. We present the non-GAAP financial measure "Adjusted net operating income" to increase the comparability between periods of our financial results. See "Use of Non-GAAP financial measures" below.

Tim Mattke, CEO of MTG and Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corporation ("MGIC") said, "Our second quarter net income reflects the challenges many consumers are facing in the current economic environment and was materially impacted by the loan loss reserves that were established for expected losses on new loan delinquencies.  While we expect that the loss mitigation efforts undertaken by the GSEs and loan servicers will provide some relief for borrowers, their long-term impact will depend in large part on the length and severity of the nation's reduced economic activity which still has numerous uncertainties."

Mattke added that, "We generated $28.2 billion of new insurance compared to $14.9 billion in the second quarter of 2019.  Insurance in force, the long-term driver of our revenues, increased 7.7% from the same period last year as new business writings were only partially offset by the impact of lower persistency.  We remain focused on executing our business strategies, supporting our co-workers and customers, and providing critical support for the housing market, especially first-time homebuyers.  I am proud of the exceptional work of our company as we continue to navigate through these unusual times."

Second Quarter Summary

  • We continue to maintain full operations, after activating our business continuity program by transitioning to a remote worker virtual workforce model in the first quarter of 2020, in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • New insurance written was $28.2 billion, compared to $14.9 billion in the second quarter of 2019, reflecting the resilience of the purchase mortgage market, the attractive refinance market, and our position in the market.
  • Insurance in force of $230.5 billion at June 30, 2020 increased by 2% during the quarter and 8% compared to June 30, 2019.
  • Primary delinquency inventory of 69,326 loans at June 30, 2020 increased from 30,028 loans at December 31, 2019. Primarily due to the adverse economic impact of COVID-19, our total primary delinquency inventory increased 133% year-over-year from 29,795 loans at June 30, 2019.
    • As of June 30, 2020 67% of our delinquency inventory were reported to us as subject to COVID-19 related forbearance plans.
    • Insurance written in 2008 and before accounted for approximately 11% of the June 30, 2020 primary risk in force but accounted for 24% of the new primary delinquency notices received in the quarter.  The primary delinquency inventory for 2008 and prior increased 6% year over year from 22,623 loans at June 30, 2019.
    • The percentage of primary loans that were delinquent at June 30, 2020 was 6.35%, compared to 2.78% at December 31, 2019, and 2.80% at June 30, 2019.
  • Persistency, or the percentage of insurance remaining in force from one year prior, was 68.2% at June 30, 2020, compared with 73.0% at March 31, 2020 and 80.8% at June 30, 2019.
  • The loss ratio for the second quarter of 2020 was 89.2%, compared to 23.4% for the first quarter of 2020 and 8.8% for the second quarter of 2019.
  • The underwriting expense ratio associated with our insurance operations for the second quarter of 2020 was 20.1%, compared to 17.3% for the first quarter of 2020 and 17.6% for the second quarter of 2019.
  • Net premium yield was 42.7 basis points in the second quarter of 2020, compared to 46.6 basis points for the first quarter of 2020 and 46.5 basis points for the second quarter of 2019.
  • MGIC did not pay dividends to our holding company during the second quarter of 2020.
  • MGIC Investment Corporation paid a $0.06 dividend per common share to shareholders during the second quarter of 2020.
  • MGIC Investment Corporation did not repurchase any shares of common stock during the second quarter of 2020 as we have temporarily suspended stock repurchases.
  • Book value per common share outstanding increased by 4.4% from December 31, 2019 to $12.95 and increased by 13.7% from June 30, 2019 (June 30, 2020 book value per common share outstanding includes $0.78 in net unrealized gains on securities).

_______________

Third Quarter 2020 Activities

  • $232.5 billion of Insurance in Force (IIF) at  July 31, 2020, compared to $230.5 billion of IIF at June 30, 2020 and $229.3 billion of IIF at May 31, 2020.
  • 8,463 notices of delinquency received in July  2020, compared to 19,358 notices of delinquency received in June 2020  and 31,117 notices of delinquency received in May 2020.
  • 9,452 number of cures reported in July 2020, compared to 6,145 cures reported in June 2020 and 4,876 cures reported in May 2020.
  • 68,206 loans in delinquent inventory at July 31, 2020.
  • MGIC Investment Corporation declared a $0.06 dividend per common share to shareholders.

Revenues

Total revenues for the second quarter of 2020 were $294.0 million, compared to $292.3 million in the second quarter last year. The increase reflects a $6.4 million increase in realized investment gains, partially offset by lower premiums earned and lower net investment income. Net premiums written for the quarter were $221.4 million, compared to $243.6 million for the same period last year. Net premiums earned for the quarter were $243.6 million, compared to $247.1 million for the same period last year. The decrease was due to lower premium rates on our insurance in force and a decrease in profit commission that was a result of higher ceded incurred losses.  This was partially offset by higher average insurance in force and an increase in accelerated premiums from single premium policy cancellations.  Investment income for the second quarter decreased to $39.7 million, from $42.4 million for the same period last year, resulting from lower investment yields, partially offset by an increase in the consolidated investment portfolio.

Losses and expenses

Losses incurred 

Net losses incurred were $217.4 million, compared to $21.8 million in the same period last year. In the second quarter of 2020, we received 44,669 more new delinquency notices than we did in the same period last year primarily due to the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the second quarter of 2020, our re-estimation of reserves on previous delinquencies resulted in $10 million adverse loss reserve development compared to $30 million of favorable loss reserve development in the second quarter of 2019.  In the second quarter of 2020, we also increased our incurred but not reported, or IBNR, reserve from $30 million to $61 million.

Underwriting and other expenses

      Net underwriting and other expenses were $47.2 million in the second quarter of 2020, compared to $45.7 million in the same period last year.

Provision for income taxes

      The effective income tax rate was 14.8% in the second quarter of 2020 and 20.6% in the second quarter of 2019. The effective income tax rate in the quarter reflects an underwriting loss that was offset by investment income, a portion of which is from tax preferenced securities.

Capital

  • Total shareholders' equity was $4.4 billion and outstanding principal on borrowings was $837 million as of June 30, 2020.
  • MGIC's PMIERs Available Assets totaled $4.5 billion, or $1.1 billion above its Minimum Required Assets as of June 30, 2020.

Other Balance Sheet and Liquidity Metrics

  • Total assets were $6.6 billion as of June 30, 2020, compared to $6.2 billion as of December 31, 2019, and $6.1 billion as of June 30, 2019.
  • The fair value of our investment portfolio, cash and cash equivalents was $6.2 billion as of June 30, 2020, compared to $5.9 billion as of December 31, 2019, and $5.7 billion as of June 30, 2019.
  • Investments, cash and cash equivalents at the holding company were $530 million as of June 30, 2020, compared to $325 million as of December 31, 2019, and $333 million as of June 30, 2019.

Conference Call and Webcast Details

MGIC Investment Corporation will hold a conference call August 5, 2020, at 10 a.m. ET to allow securities analysts and shareholders the opportunity to hear management discuss the company's quarterly results. The conference call number is 1-866-834-4126 The call is being webcast and can be accessed at the company's website at http://mtg.mgic.com/. A replay of the webcast will be available on the company's  website through September 5, 2020 under "Newsroom."

About MGIC

MGIC (www.mgic.com), the principal subsidiary of MGIC Investment Corporation, serves lenders throughout the United States, Puerto Rico, and other locations helping families achieve homeownership sooner by making affordable low-down-payment mortgages a reality. At June 30, 2020, MGIC had $230.5 billion of primary insurance in force covering over one million mortgages.

This press release, which includes certain additional statistical and other information, including non-GAAP financial information and a supplement that contains various portfolio statistics, are all available on the Company's website at https://mtg.mgic.com/ under "Newsroom."

From time to time MGIC Investment Corporation releases important information via postings on its corporate website, and via postings on MGIC's website for information related to underwriting and pricing, and intends to continue to do so in the future. Such postings include corrections of previous disclosures, and may be made without any other disclosure. Investors and other interested parties are encouraged to enroll to receive automatic email alerts and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feeds regarding new postings. Enrollment information for MGIC Investment Corporation alerts can be found at https://mtg.mgic.com/shareholder-services/email-alerts. For information about our underwriting and rates, see https://www.mgic.com/underwriting.

Safe Harbor Statement

Forward Looking Statements and Risk Factors:

Our actual results could be affected by the risk factors below. These risk factors should be reviewed in connection with this press release and our periodic reports to the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). These risk factors may also cause actual results to differ materially from the results contemplated by forward looking statements that we may make. Forward looking statements consist of statements which relate to matters other than historical fact, including matters that inherently refer to future events. Among others, statements that include words such as "believe," "anticipate," "will" or "expect," or words of similar import, are forward looking statements. These risk factors, including the discussion of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, speak only as of the date of this press release and are subject to change without notice as the Company cannot predict all risks relating to this evolving set of events. We are not undertaking any obligation to update any forward looking statements or other statements we may make even though these statements may be affected by events or circumstances occurring after the forward looking statements or other statements were made. No investor should rely on the fact that such statements are current at any time other than the time at which this press release was delivered for dissemination to the public.

While we communicate with security analysts from time to time, it is against our policy to disclose to them any material non-public information or other confidential information. Accordingly, investors should not assume that we agree with any statement or report issued by any analyst irrespective of the content of the statement or report, and such reports are not our responsibility.

Use of Non-GAAP financial measures

We believe that use of the Non-GAAP measures of adjusted pre-tax operating income (loss), adjusted net operating income (loss) and adjusted net operating income (loss) per diluted share facilitate the evaluation of the company's core financial performance thereby providing relevant information to investors. These measures are not recognized in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and should not be viewed as alternatives to GAAP measures of performance.

Adjusted pre-tax operating income (loss) is defined as GAAP income (loss) before tax, excluding the effects of net realized investment gains (losses), gain (loss) on debt extinguishment, net impairment losses recognized in income (loss) and infrequent or unusual non-operating items where applicable.

Adjusted net operating income (loss) is defined as GAAP net income (loss) excluding the after-tax effects of net realized investment gains (losses), gain (loss) on debt extinguishment, net impairment losses recognized in income (loss), and infrequent or unusual non-operating items where applicable. The amounts of adjustments to components of pre-tax operating income (loss) are tax effected using a federal statutory tax rate of 21%.

Adjusted net operating income (loss) per diluted share is calculated in a manner consistent with the accounting standard regarding earnings per share by dividing (i) adjusted net operating income (loss) after making adjustments for interest expense on convertible debt, whenever the impact is dilutive, by (ii) diluted weighted average common shares outstanding, which reflects share dilution from unvested restricted stock units and from convertible debt when dilutive under the "if-converted" method.

Although adjusted pre-tax operating income (loss) and adjusted net operating income (loss) exclude certain items that have occurred in the past and are expected to occur in the future, the excluded items represent items that are: (1) not viewed as part of the operating performance of our primary activities; or (2) impacted by both discretionary and other economic or regulatory factors and are not necessarily indicative of operating trends, or both. These adjustments, along with the reasons for their treatment, are described below. Trends in the profitability of our fundamental operating activities can be more clearly identified without the fluctuations of these adjustments. Other companies may calculate these measures differently. Therefore, their measures may not be comparable to those used by us.

  1. Net realized investment gains (losses). The recognition of net realized investment gains or losses can vary significantly across periods as the timing of individual securities sales is highly discretionary and is influenced by such factors as market opportunities, our tax and capital profile, and overall market cycles.

  2. Gains and losses on debt extinguishment. Gains and losses on debt extinguishment result from discretionary activities that are undertaken to enhance our capital position, improve our debt profile, and/or reduce potential dilution from our outstanding convertible debt.

  3. Net impairment losses recognized in earnings. The recognition of net impairment losses on investments can vary significantly in both size and timing, depending on market credit cycles, individual issuer performance, and general economic conditions.

 

MGIC INVESTMENT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)












Three Months Ended June 30,


Six Months Ended June 30,

(In thousands, except per share data)


2020


2019


2020


2019










Net premiums written


$

221,385



$

243,598



$

467,392



$

487,879


Revenues









Net premiums earned


$

243,562



$

247,102



$

504,463



$

496,863


Net investment income


39,679



42,423



81,026



83,008


Net realized investment gains (losses)


6,701



307



8,592



(219)


Other revenue


4,026



2,485



6,780



4,315


Total revenues


293,968



292,317



600,861



583,967


Losses and expenses









Losses incurred, net


217,374



21,836



278,330



60,899


Underwriting and other expenses, net


47,182



45,720



91,954



94,138


Interest expense


12,929



13,550



25,855



26,783


Total losses and expenses


277,485



81,106



396,139



181,820


Income before tax


16,483



211,211



204,722



402,147


Provision for income taxes


2,436



43,433



40,870



82,428


Net income


$

14,047



$

167,778



$

163,852



$

319,719


Net income per diluted share


$

0.04



$

0.46



$

0.48



$

0.87


 

MGIC INVESTMENT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

EARNINGS PER SHARE (UNAUDITED)












Three Months Ended June 30,


Six Months Ended June 30,

(In thousands, except per share data)


2020


2019


2020


2019

Net income


$

14,047



$

167,778



$

163,852



$

319,719


Interest expense, net of tax:









9% Convertible Junior Subordinated Debentures due 2063




4,566



9,132



9,132


Diluted net income available to common shareholders


$

14,047



$

172,344



$

172,984



$

328,851











Weighted average shares - basic


338,593



355,734



341,323



355,694


Effect of dilutive securities:









Unvested restricted stock units


1,068



1,841



1,551



1,913


9% Convertible Junior Subordinated Debentures due 2063




19,028



19,129



19,028


Weighted average shares - diluted


339,661



376,603



362,003



376,635


Net income per diluted share


$

0.04



$

0.46



$

0.48



$

0.87


 

NON-GAAP RECONCILIATIONS


Reconciliation of Income before tax / Net income to Adjusted pre-tax operating income / Adjusted net operating income



Three Months Ended June 30,



2020


2019

(In thousands, except per share amounts)


Pre-tax


Tax Effect


Net

(after-tax)


Pre-tax


Tax Effect


Net

(after-tax)

Income before tax / Net income


$

16,483



$

2,436



$

14,047



$

211,211



$

43,433



$

167,778


Adjustments:













Net realized investment gains


(5,274)



(1,107)



(4,167)



(217)



(46)



(171)


Adjusted pre-tax operating income / Adjusted net operating income


$

11,209



$

1,329



$

9,880



$

210,994



$

43,387



$

167,607















Reconciliation of Net income per diluted share to Adjusted net operating income per diluted share

Weighted average shares - diluted






339,661







376,603















Net income per diluted share






$

0.04







$

0.46


Net realized investment gains






(0.01)








Adjusted net operating income per diluted share






$

0.03







$

0.46
















Reconciliation of Income before tax / Net income to Adjusted pre-tax operating income / Adjusted net operating income



Six Months Ended June 30,



2020


2019

(In thousands, except per share amounts)


Pre-tax


Tax Effect


Net

(after-tax)


Pre-tax


Tax Effect


Net

(after-tax)

Income before tax / Net income


$

204,722



$

40,870



$

163,852



$

402,147



$

82,428



$

319,719


Adjustments:













Net realized investment (gains) losses


(8,149)



(1,711)



(6,438)



403



85



318


Adjusted pre-tax operating income / Adjusted net operating income


$

196,573



$

39,159



$

157,414



$

402,550



$

82,513



$

320,037















Reconciliation of Net income per diluted share to Adjusted net operating income per diluted share

Weighted average shares - diluted






362,003







376,635















Net income per diluted share






$

0.48







$

0.87


Net realized investment (gains) losses






(0.02)








Adjusted net operating income per diluted share






$

0.46







$

0.87


 

MGIC INVESTMENT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)










June 30,


December 31,


June 30,

(In thousands, except per share data)


2020


2019


2019

ASSETS







Investments (1)


$

5,883,315



$

5,758,320



$

5,512,037


Cash and cash equivalents


366,715



161,847



218,908


Restricted cash and cash equivalents


4,678



7,209



6,275


Reinsurance recoverable on loss reserves (2)


63,444



21,641



18,402


Home office and equipment, net


47,738



50,121



51,607


Deferred insurance policy acquisition costs


20,645



18,531



17,669


Deferred income taxes, net




5,742



20,932


Other assets


188,053



206,160



209,707


Total assets


$

6,574,588



$

6,229,571



$

6,055,537









LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY







Liabilities:







Loss reserves (2)


$

797,396



$

555,334



$

621,902


Unearned premiums


343,229



380,302



400,999


Federal home loan bank advance


155,000



155,000



155,000


Senior notes


421,443



420,867



420,290


Convertible junior debentures


256,872



256,872



256,872


Other liabilities


217,293



151,962



164,809


Total liabilities


2,191,233



1,920,337



2,019,872


Shareholders' equity


4,383,355



4,309,234



4,035,665


Total liabilities and shareholders' equity


$

6,574,588



$

6,229,571



$

6,055,537


Book value per share (3)


$

12.95



$

12.41



$

11.39









(1) Investments include net unrealized gains on securities


$

265,194



$

175,482



$

147,510


(2) Loss reserves, net of reinsurance recoverable on loss reserves


$

733,952



$

533,693



$

603,500


(3) Shares outstanding


338,567



347,308



354,177


 

MGIC INVESTMENT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION - NEW INSURANCE WRITTEN
















2020


2019


Year-to-date


Q2


Q1


Q4


Q3


Q2


2020


2019

New primary insurance written (NIW) (billions)

$

28.2



$

17.9



$

19.3



$

19.1



$

14.9



$

46.1



$

25.0
















Monthly (including split premium plans) and annual premium plans

24.9



15.2



16.3



16.2



12.6



40.1



21.1


Single premium plans

3.3



2.7



3.0



2.9



2.3



6.0



3.9
















Product mix as a % of primary NIW














FICO < 680

4

%


3

%


3

%


4

%


6

%


3

%


6

%

>95% LTVs

9

%


8

%


9

%


12

%


16

%


9

%


17

%

>45% DTI

11

%


13

%


11

%


12

%


15

%


12

%


16

%

Singles

12

%


15

%


15

%


15

%


16

%


13

%


16

%

Refinances

43

%


35

%


30

%


20

%


11

%


40

%


10

%















New primary risk written (billions)

$

6.6



$

4.4



$

4.8



$

4.7



$

3.8



$

11.0



$

6.3


 

MGIC INVESTMENT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION - INSURANCE IN FORCE and RISK IN FORCE














2020


2019



Q2


Q1


Q4


Q3


Q2


Primary Insurance In Force (IIF) (billions)

$

230.5



$

225.5



$

222.3



$

218.1



$

213.9



Total # of loans

1,092,437



1,083,717



1,079,578



1,075,285



1,065,893



Flow # of loans

1,055,486



1,045,843



1,040,667



1,032,936



1,022,157














Premium Yield











Inforce portfolio yield (1)

48.1



49.2



50.3



51.7



52.2



Premium refunds

(0.3)



(0.7)



(0.6)



(0.6)



(0.3)



Accelerated earnings on single premium

5.9



3.3



3.6



3.5



2.1



Total direct premium yield

53.7



51.8



53.3



54.6



54.0



Ceded premiums earned, net of profit commission and
assumed premiums (2)

(11.0)



(5.2)



(4.9)



(5.0)



(7.5)



Net premium yield

42.7



46.6



48.4



49.6



46.5














Average Loan Size of IIF (thousands)

$

211.0



$

208.1



$

205.9



$

202.9



$

200.7



Flow only

$

213.4



$

210.4



$

208.2



$

205.4



$

203.2














Annual Persistency

68.2

%


73.0

%


75.8

%


78.6

%


80.8

%













Primary Risk In Force (RIF) (billions)

$

58.7



$

57.9



$

57.2



$

56.2



$

55.2



By FICO (%) (3)











FICO 760 & >

39

%


39

%


39

%


39

%


38

%


FICO 740-759

17

%


17

%


17

%


16

%


16

%


FICO 720-739

14

%


14

%


14

%


14

%


14

%


FICO 700-719

11

%


11

%


11

%


11

%


11

%


FICO 680-699

8

%


8

%


8

%


8

%


9

%


FICO 660-679

4

%


4

%


4

%


5

%


5

%


FICO 640-659

3

%


3

%


3

%


3

%


3

%


FICO 639 & <

4

%


4

%


4

%


4

%


4

%













Average Coverage Ratio (RIF/IIF)

25.5

%


25.7

%


25.7

%


25.8

%


25.8

%













Direct Pool RIF (millions)











With aggregate loss limits

$

212



$

212



$

213



$

214



$

215



Without aggregate loss limits

$

148



$

156



$

163



$

173



$

178





(1)

Total direct premiums earned, excluding accelerated premiums from premium refunds and single premium policy cancellations divided by average
primary insurance in force.

(2)

Ceded premiums earned, net of profit commissions and assumed premiums. Assumed premiums include our participation in GSE Credit Risk
Transfer programs, of which the impact on the net premium yield was 0.7 bps in the second quarter of  2020, 0.5 bps in the first quarter of 2020,
and 0.2 bps in 2019.

(3)

The FICO credit score at the time of origination for a loan with multiple borrowers is the lowest of the borrowers' "decision FICO scores."  A
borrower's "decision FICO score" is determined as follows: if there are three FICO scores available, the middle FICO score is used; if two
FICO scores are available, the lower of the two is used; if only one FICO score is available, it is used.

 

MGIC INVESTMENT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES


ADDITIONAL INFORMATION - DELINQUENCY STATISTICS














2020


2019



Q2


Q1


Q4


Q3


Q2


Primary IIF - Delinquent Roll Forward - # of Loans











Beginning Delinquent Inventory

27,384



30,028



29,940



29,795



30,921



New Notices

57,584



12,398



13,694



14,019



12,915



Cures

(14,964)



(14,113)



(12,213)



(12,592)



(12,882)



Paid claims

(661)



(897)



(922)



(1,045)



(1,112)



Rescissions and denials

(17)



(32)



(27)



(42)



(47)



Other items removed from inventory





(444)



(195)





Ending Delinquent Inventory

69,326


(1)

27,384



30,028



29,940



29,795














Primary IIF Delinquency Rate

6.35

%


2.53

%


2.78

%


2.78

%


2.80

%


Primary claim received inventory included in
ending delinquent inventory

247



472



538



557



630














Primary IIF - # of Delinquent Loans - Flow only

63,135



21,322



23,240



22,688



22,227



Primary IIF Delinquency Rate - Flow only

5.98

%


2.04

%


2.23

%


2.20

%


2.17

%













Composition of Cures











Reported delinquent and cured intraquarter

6,751



4,652



4,122



4,397



3,735



Number of payments delinquent prior to cure











3 payments or less

5,905



6,551



5,724



5,631



6,221



4-11 payments

1,961



2,354



2,001



2,075



2,401



12 payments or more

347



556



366



489



525



Total Cures in Quarter

14,964



14,113



12,213



12,592



12,882














Composition of Paids











Number of payments delinquent at time of
claim payment











3 payments or less

3



1



2





4



4-11 payments

58



107



83



104



121



12 payments or more

600



789



837



941



987



Total Paids in Quarter

661



897



922



1,045



1,112














Aging of Primary Delinquent Inventory











Consecutive months delinquent











      3 months or less

50,646


73

%

7,567


28

%

9,447


32

%

9,462


32

%

8,970


30

%

      4-11 months

8,370


12

%

9,535


35

%

9,664


32

%

9,082


30

%

8,951


30

%

      12 months or more

10,310


15

%

10,282


37

%

10,917


36

%

11,396


38

%

11,874


40

%












Number of payments delinquent











      3 payments or less

51,877


75

%

12,961


47

%

14,895


50

%

14,690


49

%

14,071


47

%

      4-11 payments

11,026


16

%

8,178


30

%

8,519


28

%

8,225


27

%

8,194


28

%

      12 payments or

      more

6,423


9

%

6,245


23

%

6,614


22

%

7,025


24

%

7,530


25

%



(1)

As of June 30, 2020 67% of our delinquency inventory were reported to us as subject to COVID-19 related forbearance plans.

 

MGIC INVESTMENT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES







ADDITIONAL INFORMATION - RESERVES and CLAIMS PAID
























2020


2019



Year-to-date



Q2


Q1


Q4


Q3


Q2



2020


2019


Reserves (millions)
















Primary Direct Loss Reserves

$

787



$

566



$

546



$

591



$

610








Pool Direct loss reserves

10



8



9



11



11








Other Gross Reserves



1







1








Total Gross Loss Reserves

$

797



$

575



$

555



$

602



$

622
























Primary Average Direct
Reserve Per Delinquency

$

11,357



$

20,658



$

18,171



$

18,955



$

19,684








































Net Paid Claims (millions) (1)

$

32



$

46



$

73



$

55



$

55




$

78



$

112



Total primary (excluding
settlements)

29



42



42



47



52




71



104



Rescission and NPL
settlements





26



4










Pool



1



2



1






1



1



Reinsurance

(2)



(1)



(1)



(2)



(2)




(3)



(5)



Other

5



4



4



5



5




9



12



Reinsurance terminations (1)









(14)






(14)



















Primary Average Claim Payment (thousands)

$

42.9



$

47.2



$

46.3


(2)

$

44.4


(2)

$

46.9




$

45.4



$

45.4


(2)

Flow only

$

36.7



$

41.4



$

41.2


(2)

$

39.4


(2)

$

40.0




$

39.4



$

38.8


(2)



















(1)

Net paid claims, as presented, does not include amounts received in conjunction with terminations or commutations of reinsurance agreements.

(2)

Excludes amounts paid in settlement disputes for claims paying practices and/or commutations of policies.

 

MGIC INVESTMENT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES






ADDITIONAL INFORMATION - REINSURANCE






















2020


2019


Year-to-date



Q2


Q1


Q4


Q3


Q2


2020


2019


Quota Share Reinsurance















% insurance inforce subject to reinsurance

77.0

%


78.0

%


78.5

%


78.4

%


78.2

%






% NIW subject to reinsurance

73.5

%


71.9

%


79.4

%


81.2

%


83.0

%


72.9

%


83.4

%


Ceded premiums written and earned (millions)

$

61.4



$

26.8



$

23.8



$

23.0



$

36.5


(1)

$

88.2



$

64.7



Ceded losses incurred (millions)

$

39.0



$

5.8



$

3.6



$

2.7



$

3.4



$

44.8



$

5.1



Ceding commissions (millions) (included in
underwriting and other expenses)

$

12.0



$

11.4



$

11.0



$

11.0



$

13.4



$

23.4



$

26.8



Profit commission (millions) (included in
ceded premiums)

$

(1.2)



$

30.0



$

31.1



$

32.2



$

37.0



$

28.8



$

75.9


















Excess-of-Loss Reinsurance















Ceded premiums earned (millions)

$

4.4



$

4.7



$

5.2



$

5.4



$

4.5



$

9.1



$

7.0



Ceded losses incurred (millions)

$



$



$



$



$



$



$



































(1)

Includes a $6.8 million termination fee paid to terminate a portion of our 2015 quota share reinsurance agreement.

 

MGIC INVESTMENT CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: BULK STATISTICS AND MI RATIOS
















2020


2019


Year-to-date


Q2


Q1


Q4


Q3


Q2


2020


2019

Bulk Primary Insurance Statistics














Insurance in force (billions)

$5.3


$5.4


$5.6


$6.0


$6.2





Risk in force (billions)

$1.5


$1.5


$1.6


$1.7


$1.7





Average loan size (thousands)

$142.9


$144.0


$144.1


$141.3


$141.8





Number of delinquent loans

6,191


6,062


6,788


7,252


7,568





Delinquency rate

16.75%


16.01%


17.45%


17.13%


17.31%





Primary paid claims (excluding settlements)
(millions)

$9


$14


$14


$15


$16


$23


$34

Average claim payment (thousands)

$66.0


$66.5


$62.8

(1)

$60.1


$74.6


$66.3


$69.3















Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corporation - Risk
to Capital

9.6:1

(2)

10.2:1


9.7:1


9.9:1


10.1:1

(3)




Combined Insurance Companies - Risk to Capital

9.5:1

(2)

10.2:1


9.6:1


9.8:1


10.0:1



















GAAP loss ratio (insurance operations only)

89.2%


23.4%


8.9%


12.7%


8.8%


55.2%


12.3%

GAAP underwriting expense ratio (insurance
operations only)

20.1%


17.3%


19.6%


17.7%


17.6%


18.6%


18.3%

















(1)

Excludes amounts paid in settlement disputes for claims paying practices and/or commutations of policies.

(2)

Preliminary

(3)

A reinsurance agreement in effect between Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corporation and an affiliate was terminated during the quarter.

 

Risk Factors

As used below, "we," "our" and "us" refer to MGIC Investment Corporation's consolidated operations or to MGIC Investment Corporation, as the context requires; and "MGIC" refers to Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corporation.

The COVID-19 pandemic may continue to materially impact our financial results and may also materially impact our business, liquidity and financial condition.

The COVID-19 pandemic had a material impact on our second quarter 2020 financial results. While uncertain, the future impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company's business, financial results, liquidity and/or financial condition may also be material. We expect that unemployment and economic uncertainty resulting from measures to reduce the transmission of COVID-19 (including previous "shelter-in-place" restrictions and continuing limitations on business), as well as COVID-19–related illnesses and deaths, will negatively impact our business. The magnitude of the impact will be influenced by various factors, including the length and severity of the pandemic in the United States, the length of time that measures intended to reduce the transmission of COVID-19 remain in place, the resulting level of unemployment, and the impact of past and future government initiatives (including the enactment of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the "CARES Act")) and actions taken by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the "GSEs") (including implementation of mortgage forbearance and modification programs) to mitigate the economic harm caused by COVID-19.

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted and may continue to impact our business in various ways, including the following:

  • Our incurred losses will increase as the number of insured mortgage delinquencies increase. We establish case reserves for insurance losses when delinquency notices are received on loans that are two or more payments past due and for loans we estimate are delinquent prior to the close of the accounting period but for which delinquency notices have not yet been reported to us (this is often referred to as "IBNR"). For information about our loss reserving methodology, see our risk factors titled "Because we establish loss reserves only upon a loan delinquency rather than based on estimates of our ultimate losses or risk in force, losses may have a disproportionate adverse effect on our earnings in certain periods," and "Because loss reserve estimates are subject to uncertainties, paid claims may be substantially different than our loss reserves."
  • We will be required to maintain more capital under the private mortgage insurer eligibility requirements ("PMIERs") of the GSEs, which generally require more capital to be held for delinquent loans than for performing loans and require more capital to be held as the number of payments missed on delinquent loans increase. For more information about the capital requirements of the PMIERs, see our risk factor titled "We may not continue to meet the GSEs' private mortgage insurer eligibility requirements and our returns may decrease if we are required to maintain more capital in order to maintain our eligibility."
  • Over time, as the number of delinquencies increases, the number of claims that we must pay is likely to increase. For more information, see our risk factor titled "Downturns in the domestic economy or declines in the value of borrowers' homes from their value at the time their loans closed may result in more homeowners defaulting and our losses increasing, with a corresponding decrease in our returns."
  • If the number of purchase and/or refinance mortgage originations decreases, the number of mortgages available for us to insure in the near term may decrease. For more information, see our risk factor titled "If the volume of low down payment home mortgage originations declines, the amount of insurance that we write could decline."
  • Our access to the markets for excess of loss reinsurance through insurance-linked notes transactions and for quota share reinsurance may be limited and the terms under which we are able to secure such reinsurance may be less attractive than the terms of our previous transactions. For more information, see our risk factor titled "Reinsurance may not always be available or affordable."
  • Our access to the capital markets may be limited and the terms under which we may access the capital markets may be less attractive than the terms of our previous transactions.
  • Receipt of a portion of our premiums may be delayed. For more information, see our risk factor titled "We are susceptible to disruptions in the servicing of mortgage loans that we insure and we rely on third-party reporting for information regarding the mortgage loans we insure."
  • Our operations may be impacted if our management or other employees are unable to perform their duties as a result of COVID-19-related illnesses. For more information, see our risk factor titled "We rely on our management team and our business could be harmed if we are unable to retain qualified personnel or successfully develop and/or recruit their replacements."

Downturns in the domestic economy or declines in the value of borrowers' homes from their value at the time their loans closed may result in more homeowners defaulting and our losses increasing, with a corresponding decrease in our returns.

Losses result from events that reduce a borrower's ability or willingness to continue to make mortgage payments, such as unemployment, health issues, family status, and whether the home of a borrower who defaults on his mortgage can be sold for an amount that will cover unpaid principal and interest and the expenses of the sale. In general, favorable economic conditions reduce the likelihood that borrowers will lack sufficient income to pay their mortgages and also favorably affect the value of homes, thereby reducing and in some cases even eliminating a loss from a mortgage default. A deterioration in economic conditions, including an increase in unemployment, generally increases the likelihood that borrowers will not have sufficient income to pay their mortgages and can also adversely affect home prices, which in turn can influence the willingness of borrowers with sufficient resources to make mortgage payments to do so when the mortgage balance exceeds the value of the home. Home prices may decline even absent a deterioration in economic conditions due to declines in demand for homes, which in turn may result from changes in buyers' perceptions of the potential for future appreciation, restrictions on and the cost of mortgage credit due to more stringent underwriting standards, higher interest rates generally, changes to the deductibility of mortgage interest for income tax purposes, decreases in the rate of household formations, or other factors.

The unemployment rate rose from 3.5% as of December 31, 2019, to 14.7% as of April 30, 2020. It was 11.1% as of June 30, 2020 and is expected by the Federal Reserve to be 9.3% as of December 31, 2020, and to remain elevated for some time. We expect the high levels of unemployment to result in an increasing number of loans in our delinquency inventory and an increasing number of insurance claims; however, the increases are difficult to predict given the uncertainty in the current market environment, including uncertainty about the length and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic; the length of time that measures intended to reduce the transmission of COVID-19 remain in place; effects of forbearance programs enacted by the GSEs, various states and municipalities; and effects of past and future stimulus programs, including those contained in the CARES Act. The programs contained in the CARES Act include, among many others:

  • Payment forbearance on federally-backed mortgages (including those delivered to or purchased by the GSEs) to borrowers experiencing a hardship during the COVID-19 pandemic. Forbearance allows for mortgage payments to be suspended for up to 360 days. Approximately 82% of our insurance in force that was written in 2019 and before was delivered to or purchased by the GSEs. While servicers of some non-GSE loans may not be required to offer forbearance to borrowers, we allow servicers to apply GSE loss mitigation programs to non-GSE loans. In addition, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau ("CFPB") requires substantial loss mitigation efforts be made prior to servicers initiating foreclosure, therefore, servicers of non-GSE loans may have an incentive to offer forbearance or deferment.
  • For those mortgages that are not subject to forbearance, a suspension of foreclosures and evictions until at least August 31, 2020, on mortgages purchased or securitized by the GSEs.
  • Direct aid to individuals in the form of refundable tax credit rebates paid in April 2020.
  • "Paycheck Protection Program" to provide small businesses with funds to pay up to eight weeks of payroll costs, and certain other expenses.
  • Enhanced unemployment benefits, which expired July 31, 2020.
  • Increased flexibility under retirement plans.

The number of loans entering forbearance plans is unprecedented. Historically, forbearance plans have reduced the incidence of our losses on affected loans. However, given the uncertainty surrounding the long-term economic impact of COVID-19, it is difficult to predict the ultimate effect of COVID-19 related forbearances on our loss incidence. Whether a loan's delinquency will cure when its forbearance plan ends will depend on the economic circumstances of the borrower  at that time. The severity of losses associated with loans whose delinquencies do not cure will depend on economic conditions at that time, including home prices.

We may not continue to meet the GSEs' private mortgage insurer eligibility requirements and our returns may decrease if we are required to maintain more capital in order to maintain our eligibility.

We must comply with a GSE's PMIERs to be eligible to insure loans delivered to or purchased by that GSE. The PMIERs include financial requirements, as well as business, quality control and certain transaction approval requirements. The financial requirements of the PMIERs require a mortgage insurer's "Available Assets" (generally only the most liquid assets of an insurer) to equal or exceed its "Minimum Required Assets" (which are generally based on an insurer's book of insurance in force and calculated from tables of factors with several risk dimensions, reduced for credit given for risk ceded under reinsurance agreements).

Based on our interpretation of the PMIERs, as of June 30, 2020, MGIC's Available Assets totaled $4.5 billion, or $1.1 billion in excess of its Minimum Required Assets. MGIC is in compliance with the PMIERs and eligible to insure loans purchased by the GSEs. In calculating these "Minimum Required Assets," the total credit for risk ceded under our reinsurance transactions is subject to a modest reduction. Our reinsurance transactions are discussed in our risk factor titled "The mix of business we write affects our Minimum Required Assets under the PMIERs, our premium yields and the likelihood of losses occurring." Our existing reinsurance transactions are subject to periodic review by the GSEs and there is a risk we will not receive our current level of credit in future periods for the risk ceded under them. In addition, we may not receive the same level of credit under future reinsurance transactions that we receive under existing transactions. If MGIC is not allowed certain levels of credit under the PMIERs, under certain circumstances, MGIC may terminate the reinsurance transactions, without penalty.

The PMIERs generally require us to hold significantly more Minimum Required Assets for delinquent loans than for performing loans and the Minimum Required Assets required to be held increases as the number of payments missed on a delinquent loan increases. For delinquent loans whose initial missed payment occurred on or after March 1, 2020 and prior to January 1, 2021 (the "COVID-19 Crisis Period"), the Minimum Required Assets are generally reduced by 70% for at least three months. The 70% reduction will continue, or be newly applied, for delinquent loans that are subject to a forbearance plan that is granted in response to a financial hardship related to COVID-19, the terms of which are materially consistent with terms of forbearance plans offered by Freddie Mac or Fannie Mae. Under the PMIERs, a forbearance plan on a loan with an initial missed payment occurring during the COVID-19 Crisis Period is assumed to have been granted in response to a financial hardship related to COVID-19. Loans considered to be subject to a forbearance plan include those that are in a repayment plan or loan modification trial period following the forbearance plan.

We expect the GSEs and servicers will provide us with information about the forbearance status for nearly all of the loans in our delinquency inventory. The forbearance information provided by the GSEs will be with respect to delinquent loans in forbearance as of the prior month-end, while the information provided by loan servicers may be more current. As a result, in some cases, there may be a delay in our ability to take advantage of the 70% reduction.

It is possible that, despite reducing the Minimum Required Assets for certain delinquent loans by 70%, the increasing number of delinquent loans caused by the COVID-19 pandemic will cause our Available Assets to be less than our Minimum Required Assets. As of June 30, 2020, there were 69,326 loans in our delinquency inventory, of which 67% were reported to us as subject to a COVID-19 related forbearance plan. We are unable to predict the ultimate number of loans that will become delinquent as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

If our Available Assets are less than our Minimum Required Assets, then we would not be in compliance with the PMIERs. The PMIERs provide a list of remediation actions for a mortgage insurer's non-compliance, with additional actions possible in the GSEs' discretion. At the extreme, the GSEs may suspend or terminate our eligibility to insure loans purchased by them. Such suspension or termination would significantly reduce the volume of our new business writings; the substantial majority of our 2019 NIW was for loans delivered to or purchased by the GSEs. In addition to the increase in Minimum Required Assets associated with delinquent loans, factors that may negatively impact MGIC's ability to continue to comply with the financial requirements of the PMIERs include the following:

  • The GSEs may make the PMIERs more onerous in the future. The PMIERs provide that the factors that determine Minimum Required Assets will be updated periodically, or as needed if there is a significant change in macroeconomic conditions or loan performance. We do not anticipate that the regular periodic updates will occur more frequently than once every two years. The PMIERs state that the GSEs will provide notice 180 days prior to the effective date of updates to the factors; however, the GSEs may amend any portion of the PMIERs at any time.
  • There may be future implications for PMIERs based upon the proposed changes to the regulatory capital requirements for the GSEs. In May 2020, the FHFA re-proposed a capital rule for the GSEs that, if enacted, would increase the capital requirements of the GSEs. That increase may ultimately result in an increase in the Minimum Required Assets required to be held by mortgage insurers. The re-proposed capital rule included a framework for determining the capital relief allowed to the GSEs for loans with private mortgage insurance and it affords more capital relief to the GSEs when its counterparty is a more diversified entity. The proposed changes also decreased the GSEs' capital credit provided by credit risk transfer transactions, which could result in decreased PMIERs credit for existing or future reinsurance or insurance linked notes transactions entered into by MGIC. Further, any changes to the GSEs' capital and liquidity requirements resulting from the Treasury Housing Reform Plan could have future implications for PMIERs.
  • Our future operating results may be negatively impacted by the matters discussed in the rest of these risk factors. Such matters could decrease our revenues, increase our losses or require the use of assets, thereby creating a shortfall in Available Assets.
  • Should capital be needed by MGIC in the future, capital contributions from our holding company may not be available due to competing demands on holding company resources, including for repayment of debt.

Because we establish loss reserves only upon a loan delinquency rather than based on estimates of our ultimate losses on risk in force, losses may have a disproportionate adverse effect on our earnings in certain periods.

In accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we establish case reserves for insurance losses and loss adjustment expenses only when notices of default on insured mortgage loans are received on loans that are two or more payments past due and for loans we estimate are in default but for which notices of default have not yet been reported to us by the servicers (this is often referred to as "IBNR"). Because our reserving method does not consider losses that could occur from loans that are not delinquent, such losses are not reflected in our financial statements, except in the case where a premium deficiency exists. A premium deficiency would be recorded if the present value of expected future losses and expenses exceeds the present value of expected future premiums and already established loss reserves on the applicable loans. As a result, future losses on loans that are not currently delinquent may have a material impact on future results as such losses emerge. As of June 30, 2020, we had established case reserves and reported losses incurred for 69,326 loans in our delinquency inventory and increased our IBNR reserve from $30 million at March 31, 2020 to $61 million at June 30, 2020. Though not reflected in our June 30, 2020 financial results, as of July 31, 2020, our delinquency inventory had decreased to 68,206 loans. We expect that the number of loans in our delinquency inventory will increase from that level as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, including as a result of high unemployment associated with initiatives intended to reduce the transmission of COVID-19. As a result, we expect our losses incurred to increase in future periods. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the number of delinquencies and our losses incurred will be influenced by various factors, including those discussed in our risk factor titled "The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and financial condition may be material."

Because loss reserve estimates are subject to uncertainties, paid claims may be substantially different than our loss reserves.

When we establish case reserves, we estimate the ultimate loss on delinquent loans by estimating the number of loans in our inventory of delinquent loans that will result in a claim payment, which is referred to as the claim rate, and further estimating the amount of the claim payment, which is referred to as claim severity. The estimated claim rate and claim severity represent our best estimates of what we will actually pay on the loans in default as of the reserve date and incorporate anticipated mitigation from rescissions and curtailments. The establishment of loss reserves is subject to inherent uncertainty and requires judgment by management. The actual amount of the claim payments may be substantially different than our loss reserve estimates. Our estimates could be affected by several factors, including a change in regional or national economic conditions, the impact of past and future government actions (including the enactment of the CARES Act) and actions taken by the GSEs (including implementation of foreclosure moratoriums and mortgage forbearance and modification programs) to mitigate the economic harm caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to reduce the transmission of COVID-19, and a change in the length of time loans are delinquent before claims are received.  All else being equal, the longer a loan is delinquent before a claim is received, the greater the severity. In light of the uncertainty caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, including the impact of foreclosure moratoriums and forbearance programs, the average time it takes to receive a claim may increase. The change in economic conditions may include changes in unemployment, including prolonged unemployment as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, affecting borrowers' income and thus their ability to make mortgage payments, and changes in home prices, which may affect borrower willingness to continue to make mortgage payments when the value of the home is below the mortgage balance. The economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic may be disproportionately concentrated in certain geographic regions. Information about the geographic dispersion of our insurance in force can be found in our Annual Reports on Form 10-K and our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC. Changes to our claim rate and claim severity estimates could have a material impact on our future results, even in a stable economic environment. In addition, historically, losses incurred have followed a seasonal trend in which the second half of the year has weaker credit performance than the first half, with higher new default notice activity and a lower cure rate.

The premiums we charge may not be adequate to compensate us for our liabilities for losses and as a result any inadequacy could materially affect our financial condition and results of operations.

We set premiums at the time a policy is issued based on our expectations regarding likely performance of the insured risks over the long term. Our premiums are subject to approval by state regulatory agencies, which can delay or limit our ability to increase our premiums. In addition, our customized rate plans may delay our ability to increase our premiums on the NIW covered by such plans. Generally, we cannot cancel mortgage insurance coverage or adjust renewal premiums during the life of a mortgage insurance policy. As a result, higher than anticipated claims generally cannot be offset by premium increases on policies in force or mitigated by our non-renewal or cancellation of insurance coverage. The premiums we charge, the investment income we earn and the amount of reinsurance we carry may not be adequate to compensate us for the risks and costs associated with the insurance coverage provided to customers. An increase in the number or size of claims, compared to what we anticipated when we set the premiums, could adversely affect our results of operations or financial condition. Our premium rates are also based in part on the amount of capital we are required to hold against the insured risk. If the amount of capital we are required to hold increases from the amount we were required to hold when a policy was written, we cannot adjust premiums to compensate for this and our returns may be lower than we assumed. For a discussion of the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the amount of capital we are required to hold, see our risk factor titled "We may not continue to meet the GSEs' private mortgage insurer eligibility requirements and our returns may decrease if we are required to maintain more capital in order to maintain our eligibility."

Competition or changes in our relationships with our customers could reduce our revenues, reduce our premium yields and / or increase our losses.

The private mortgage insurance industry is highly competitive and is expected to remain so. We believe we currently compete with other private mortgage insurers based on premium rates, underwriting requirements, financial strength (including based on credit or financial strength ratings), customer relationships, name recognition, reputation, strength of management teams and field organizations, the ancillary products and services provided to lenders and the effective use of technology and innovation in the delivery and servicing of our mortgage insurance products.

Our relationships with our customers, which may affect the amount of our NIW, could be adversely affected by a variety of factors, including if our premium rates are higher than those of our competitors, our underwriting requirements are more restrictive than those of our competitors, or our customers are dissatisfied with our claims-paying practices (including insurance policy rescissions and claim curtailments).

Much of the competition in the industry in the last few years has centered on pricing practices which have included: (i) reductions in standard filed rates; (ii) use of customized rate plans (typically lower than standard rates) that are made available to lenders that meet certain criteria; and (iii) use of a spectrum of filed rates to allow for formulaic, risk-based pricing that may be quickly adjusted within certain parameters (referred to as "risk-based pricing systems"). While our increased use of reinsurance over the past several years has helped to mitigate the negative effect of declining premium rates on our returns, refer to our risk factor titled "Reinsurance may not always be available or affordable" for a discussion of the risks associated with the availability of reinsurance.

In 2019, we introduced MiQ, our risk-based pricing system that establishes our premium rates based on more risk attributes than were considered in 2018. The widespread use of risk-based pricing systems by the private mortgage insurance industry makes it more difficult to compare our rates to those offered by our competitors. We may not be aware of industry rate changes until we observe that our volume of new insurance written ("NIW") has changed. In addition, business under customized rate plans is awarded by certain customers for only limited periods of time.  As a result, our NIW may fluctuate more than it had in the past. Regarding the concentration of our new business, our top ten customers accounted for approximately 31% and 27% of our NIW, in each of the twelve months ended June 30, 2020 and 2019.

We monitor various competitive and economic factors while seeking to balance both profitability and market share considerations in developing our pricing strategies. Premium rates on NIW will change our premium yield (net premiums earned divided by the average insurance in force) over time as older insurance policies run off and new insurance policies with different premium rates are written. Our premium rates are subject to approval by state regulatory agencies, which can delay or limit our ability to change them outside of the parameters already approved. In addition, our customized rate plans may delay our ability to increase our premiums on the NIW covered by such plans.

There can be no assurance that our premium rates adequately reflect the risk associated with the underlying mortgage insurance policies. For additional information, see our risk factors titled "The premiums we charge may not be adequate to compensate us for our liabilities for losses and as a result any inadequacy could materially affect our financial condition and results of operations" and "If our risk management programs are not effective in identifying, or adequate in controlling or mitigating, the risks we face, or if the models used in our businesses are inaccurate, it could have a material adverse impact on our business, results of operations and financial condition."

Certain of our competitors have access to capital at a lower cost than we do (including, through off-shore reinsurance vehicles, which are tax-advantaged). As a result, they may be able to achieve higher after-tax rates of return on their NIW compared to us, which could allow them to leverage reduced premium rates to gain market share, and they may be better positioned to compete outside of traditional mortgage insurance, including by participating in alternative forms of credit enhancement pursued by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the "GSEs") discussed in our risk factor titled "The amount of insurance we write could be adversely affected if lenders and investors select alternatives to private mortgage insurance."

The current private mortgage insurer eligibility requirements ("PMIERs") of each of the GSEs require a mortgage insurer to maintain a minimum amount of assets to support its insured risk, as discussed in our risk factor titled "We may not continue to meet the GSEs' private mortgage insurer eligibility requirements and our returns may decrease if we are required to maintain more capital in order to maintain our eligibility." The PMIERs do not require an insurer to maintain minimum financial strength ratings; however, our financial strength ratings can affect us in the following ways:

  • A downgrade in our financial strength ratings could result in increased scrutiny of our financial condition by the GSEs and/or our customers, potentially resulting in a decrease in the amount of our NIW. Standard and Poor's recently revised its outlook, to "negative," for MGIC and other U.S. mortgage insurers due to the risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. A.M. Best recently revised its outlook for the U.S. Private Mortgage Insurers market segment to "negative," but did not change MGIC's outlook at that time.
  • Our ability to participate in the non-GSE residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) market (the size of which has been limited since 2008, but may grow in the future), could depend on our ability to maintain and improve our investment grade ratings for our insurance subsidiaries. We could be competitively disadvantaged with some market participants because the financial strength ratings of our insurance subsidiaries are lower than those of some competitors. MGIC's financial strength rating from A.M. Best is A- (with a stable outlook), from Moody's is Baa1 (with a stable outlook) and from Standard & Poor's is BBB+ (with a negative outlook).
  • Financial strength ratings may also play a greater role if the GSEs no longer operate in their current capacities, for example, due to legislative or regulatory action. In addition, although the PMIERs do not require minimum financial strength ratings, the GSEs consider financial strength ratings to be important when using forms of credit enhancement other than traditional mortgage insurance, as discussed in our risk factor titled "The amount of insurance we write could be adversely affected if lenders and investors select alternatives to private mortgage insurance."  In addition, the final GSE capital rule, when enacted, may provide the GSEs more capital credit for transactions with higher rated counterparties.

If we are unable to compete effectively in the current or any future markets as a result of the financial strength ratings assigned to our insurance subsidiaries, our future new insurance written could be negatively affected.

The amount of insurance we write could be adversely affected if lenders and investors select alternatives to private mortgage insurance.

Alternatives to private mortgage insurance include:

  • investors using risk mitigation and credit risk transfer techniques other than private mortgage insurance,
  • lenders and other investors holding mortgages in portfolio and self-insuring,
  • lenders using Federal Housing Administration ("FHA"), U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs ("VA") and other government mortgage insurance programs, and
  • lenders originating mortgages using piggyback structures to avoid private mortgage insurance, such as a first mortgage with an 80% loan-to-value ("LTV") ratio and a second mortgage with a 10%, 15% or 20% LTV ratio (referred to as 80-10-10, 80-15-5 or 80-20 loans, respectively) rather than a first mortgage with a 90%, 95% or 100% LTV ratio that has private mortgage insurance.

The GSEs' charters generally require credit enhancement for a low down payment mortgage loan (a loan with an amount that exceeds 80% of a home's value) in order for such loan to be eligible for purchase by the GSEs. Private mortgage insurance has generally been purchased by lenders in primary mortgage market transactions to satisfy this credit enhancement requirement. In 2018, Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae initiated secondary mortgage market programs with loan level mortgage default coverage provided by various (re)insurers that are not mortgage insurers governed by PMIERs, and that are not selected by the lenders. These programs compete with traditional private mortgage insurance and, due to differences in policy terms, they may offer premium rates that are below prevalent single premium lender paid mortgage insurance ("LPMI") rates. We participate in these programs from time to time. See our risk factor titled "Changes in the business practices of the GSEs, federal legislation that changes their charters or a restructuring of the GSEs could reduce our revenues or increase our losses" for a discussion of various business practices of the GSEs that may be changed, including through expansion or modification of these programs.

The GSEs (and other investors) have also used other forms of credit enhancement that did not involve traditional private mortgage insurance, such as engaging in credit-linked note transactions executed in the capital markets, or using other forms of debt issuances or securitizations that transfer credit risk directly to other investors, including competitors and an affiliate of MGIC; using other risk mitigation techniques in conjunction with reduced levels of private mortgage insurance coverage; or accepting credit risk without credit enhancement.

The FHA's share of the low down payment residential mortgages that were subject to FHA, VA, USDA or primary private mortgage insurance was 30.0% in the first quarter of 2020, 28.2% in 2019 and 30.5% in 2018. In the past ten years, the FHA's share has been as low as 28.2% in 2019 and as high as 64.5% in 2010. Factors that influence the FHA's market share include relative rates and fees, underwriting guidelines and loan limits of the FHA, VA, private mortgage insurers and the GSEs; lenders' perceptions of legal risks under FHA versus GSE programs; flexibility for the FHA to establish new products as a result of federal legislation and programs; returns expected to be obtained by lenders for Ginnie Mae securitization of FHA-insured loans compared to those obtained from selling loans to the GSEs for securitization; and differences in policy terms, such as the ability of a borrower to cancel insurance coverage under certain circumstances. We cannot predict how the factors that affect the FHA's share of new insurance written will change in the future.

The VA's share of the low down payment residential mortgages that were subject to FHA, VA, USDA or primary private mortgage insurance was 31.9% in the first quarter of 2020, 25.2% in 2019 and 22.9% in 2018. In the past ten years, the VA's share has been as low as 15.7% in 2010 and as high as 31.9% in the first quarter of 2020. We believe that the VA's market share has generally been elevated in recent years because of an increase in the number of borrowers that are eligible for the VA's program, which offers 100% LTV ratio loans and charges a one-time funding fee that can be included in the loan amount, and because eligible borrowers have opted to use the VA program when refinancing their mortgages.

Changes in the business practices of the GSEs, federal legislation that changes their charters or a restructuring of the GSEs could reduce our revenues or increase our losses.

In 2019, the substantial majority  of our NIW was for loans purchased by the GSEs, therefore, the business practices of the GSEs greatly impact our business and they include:

  • the GSEs' PMIERs, the financial requirements of which are discussed in our risk factor titled "We may not continue to meet the GSEs' private mortgage insurer eligibility requirements and our returns may decrease if we are required to maintain more capital in order to maintain our eligibility,"
  • the capital and collateral requirements for participants in the GSEs' alternative forms of credit enhancement discussed in our risk factor titled "The amount of insurance we write could be adversely affected if lenders and investors select alternatives to private mortgage insurance,"
  • the level of private mortgage insurance coverage, subject to the limitations of the GSEs' charters, when private mortgage insurance is used as the required credit enhancement on low down payment mortgages (the GSEs generally require a level of mortgage insurance coverage that is higher than the level of coverage required by their charters; any change in the required level of coverage will impact our new risk written),
  • the amount of loan level price adjustments and guaranty fees (which result in higher costs to borrowers) that the GSEs assess on loans that require private mortgage insurance,
  • whether the GSEs select or influence the mortgage lender's selection of the mortgage insurer providing coverage,
  • the underwriting standards that determine which loans are eligible for purchase by the GSEs, which can affect the quality of the risk insured by the mortgage insurer and the availability of mortgage loans,
  • the terms on which mortgage insurance coverage can be canceled before reaching the cancellation thresholds established by law,
  • the programs established by the GSEs intended to avoid or mitigate loss on insured mortgages and the circumstances in which mortgage servicers must implement such programs,
  • the terms that the GSEs require to be included in mortgage insurance policies for loans that they purchase, including limitations on the rescission rights of mortgage insurers,
  • the extent to which the GSEs intervene in mortgage insurers' claims paying practices, rescission practices or rescission settlement practices with lenders, and
  • the maximum loan limits of the GSEs compared to those of the FHA and other investors.

The FHFA has been the conservator of the GSEs since 2008 and has the authority to control and direct their operations. The increased role that the federal government has assumed in the residential housing finance system through the GSE conservatorship may increase the likelihood that the business practices of the GSEs change, including through administrative action, in ways that have a material adverse effect on us and that the charters of the GSEs are changed by new federal legislation.

In September 2019, at the direction of President Trump, the U.S. Treasury Department ("Treasury") released the "Treasury Housing Reform Plan" (the "Plan"). The Plan recommends administrative and legislative reforms for the housing finance system, with such reforms intended to achieve the goals of ending the conservatorships of the GSEs; increasing competition and participation by the private sector in the mortgage market including by authorizing the FHFA to approve additional guarantors of conventional mortgages in the secondary market, simplifying the qualified mortgage ("QM") rule of the CFPB, transferring risk to the private sector, and eliminating the "GSE Patch" (discussed below); establishing regulation of the GSEs that safeguards their safety and soundness and minimizes the risks they pose to the financial stability of the United States; and providing that the federal government is properly compensated for any explicit or implicit support it provides to the GSEs or the secondary housing finance market. Also in September 2019, the Treasury and FHFA entered into a letter agreement that will allow the GSEs to remit less of their earnings to the government, which will help them rebuild their capital.

The impact of the Plan on private mortgage insurance is unclear. The Plan does not refer to mortgage insurance explicitly; however, it refers to a requirement for credit enhancement on high LTV ratio loans, which is a requirement of the current GSE charters. The Plan also indicates that the FHFA should continue to support efforts to expand credit risk transfer ("CRT") programs and should encourage the GSEs to continue to engage in a diverse mix of economically sensible CRT programs, including by increasing reliance on institution-level capital (presumably, as distinguished from capital obtained in the capital markets).  For more information about CRT programs, see our risk factor titled "The amount of insurance we write could be adversely affected if lenders and investors select alternatives to private mortgage insurance."

The current GSE Patch expands the definition of QM under the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z) ("TILA") to include mortgages eligible to be purchased by the GSEs, even if the mortgages do not meet the debt-to-income ("DTI") ratio limit of 43% that is included in the standard QM definition. Originating a QM may provide a lender with legal protection from lawsuits that claim the lender failed to verify a borrower's ability to repay. The GSE Patch is scheduled to expire no later than January 2021. Approximately 21% and 22% of our NIW in the first half of 2020 and the last half of 2019, respectively, was on loans with DTI ratios greater than 43%. However, it is possible that expiration of the GSE Patch will be delayed and that not all future loans with DTI ratios greater than 43% will be affected by such expiration. In this regard, we note that in June 2020, the CFPB issued for comment, a proposed definition of QM that would replace the use of the DTI ratio in the definition with a pricing threshold that would exclude from the definition of QM a loan whose annual percentage rate exceeds the average prime offer rate for comparable loans by two percentage points or more. The CFPB proposed extending the expiration of the GSE Patch until the effective date of the final rule. Comments are due on the proposed rule by September 8, 2020.

We insure loans that do not qualify as QMs; however, we are unsure the extent to which lenders will make non-QM loans because they will not be entitled to the presumptions about compliance with the ATR rule that the law allows with respect to QM loans. We are also unsure the extent to which lenders will purchase private mortgage insurance for loans that cannot be sold to the GSEs. Finally, certain lenders have suspended their non-QM lending due to COVID-19 pandemic-related concerns.

The QM definition for loans insured by the FHA, which was issued by the Department of Housing and Urban Development ("HUD"), is less restrictive than the CFPB's current definition in certain respects, including that (i) it has no DTI ratio limit, and (ii) it allows lenders certain presumptions about compliance with the ATR rule on higher priced loans. It is possible that, in the future, lenders will prefer FHA-insured loans to loans insured by private mortgage insurance as a result of the FHA's less restrictive QM definition. However, in September 2019, HUD released its Housing Reform Plan and indicated that the FHA should refocus on its mission of providing housing finance support to low- and moderate-income families that cannot be fulfilled through traditional underwriting. In addition, Treasury's Plan indicated that the FHFA and HUD should develop and implement a specific understanding as to the appropriate roles and overlap between the GSEs and FHA, including with respect to the GSEs' acquisitions of high LTV ratio loans and high DTI ratio loans.

As a result of the matters referred to above, it is uncertain what role the GSEs, FHA and private capital, including private mortgage insurance, will play in the residential housing finance system in the future. The timing and impact on our business of any resulting changes is uncertain. Many of the proposed changes would require Congressional action to implement and it is difficult to estimate when Congressional action would be final and how long any associated phase-in period may last.

Reinsurance may not always be available or affordable.

As discussed in our risk factor titled "The mix of business we write affects our Minimum Required Assets under the PMIERs, our premium yields and the likelihood of losses occurring," we have in place quota share and excess of loss reinsurance transactions providing various amounts of coverage on 85% of our risk in force as of June 30, 2020. These reinsurance transactions enable us to earn higher returns on our business than we would without them because fewer Available Assets are required to be held under PMIERs. However, reinsurance may not always be available to us or available on similar terms, the quota share reinsurance transactions subject us to counterparty credit risk, and the GSEs may change the credit they allow under the PMIERs for risk ceded under our reinsurance transactions. If we are unable to obtain reinsurance for NIW, our returns may decrease absent an increase in premium rates. An increase in our premium rates may lead to a decrease in our NIW.

We have in place quota share reinsurance ("QSR") transactions with unaffiliated reinsurers that cover most of our insurance written from 2013 through 2021, and smaller portions of our insurance written prior to 2013 and from 2022 through 2025. As of Ju